North America Central & Latin America Europe
Africa Middle East Asia-Pacific


Companies involved in transferring the ownership of a hazardous facility can consult guidance
Companies involved in the change of ownership of hazardous facilities that are using, processing, producing or storing dangerous substances can make use of the Guidance on Change of Ownership in Hazardous Facilities adopted by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The guidance provides information on how to identify the risks at the hazardous facility before, during and after a transfer of ownership. It also provides information on how to manage the identified risks. The guidance is voluntary.


North America



Benzophenone proposed to be added to the Toxic Substances List as risk management documents proposed
Companies that manufacture, import or use methanone, diphenyl- (benzophenone), Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number (CAS RN) 119-61-9, could be impacted by its proposed addition to the Schedule 1 Toxic Substances List. The addition allows the Department of Health and the Department of Environment to propose and adopt risk management activities to reduce the potential risk to the environment caused by exposure to and the release of the substance into the environment. In addition, the Department of Health and the Department of Environment have released a risk management scope document for this substance.

Department of the Environment introduces environmental quality guidelines for bisphenol A, hexavalent chromium and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS)
Companies using bisphenol A (BPA), hexavalent chromium, or perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) should be aware that the Department of the Environment recently released guidelines under section 54(2)(a) of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (CEPA). The guidelines introduce a Federal Water Quality Guideline value for hexavalent chromium for aquatic life and several values for PFOS for surface water, fish tissue, wildlife diet and bird eggs. While the guidelines are not legally binding, they will be used by provinces when making environmental assessment and authorization decisions; they will drive the improvement of water quality across the country.

New workplace violence and harassment requirements adopted to ensure health and safety
Effective April 1, 2019, companies operating in New Brunswick are required to prepare a written assessment of the risk of violence at the place of employment. They must update it under amendments to General Regulation under the provincial Occupational Health and Safety Act, adopted by the Department of Post-Secondary Education, Training and Labour. If these assessments identify a risk of violence, workplaces are required to establish a written code of practice to mitigate the risk of violence and ensure the health and safety of employees. Additionally, all workplaces are required to establish a code of practice with regard to harassment. Employers are also required to implement a training program respecting the codes of practice.

Technical requirements related to electricity in the construction sector updated
As of October 1, 2018, companies performing construction works will be subject to updated technical and safety rules related to electrical installations. This follows the publication of amendments to the construction code. Similarly, companies producing certain electrical equipment will be subject to updated standards and approval requirements.

Companies emitting 10,000 or more tonnes of CO2 subject to annual greenhouse gas reporting requirements
As of September 1, 2018, operators of facilities that emit 10.000 tonnes or more ofCO2 emissions annually are subject to newly established reporting requirements. The operators must annually submit a report on their greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) in the previous calendar year to the Ministry of Environment by June 1. This development follows the adoption of the Management and Reduction of Greenhouse Gases (Reporting and General) Regulations, as well as the associated Standard by the Ministry of Environment (MoE), and applies to facilities emitting greenhouse gases (GHGs) such as as carbon dioxide, methane, perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs).



EPA proposes change worker protection and import laws forOxazolidine, 3,3′-methylenebis[5-methyl-
Companies that manufacture, import or process Oxazolidine, 3,3′-methylenebis[5-methyl- would be required to notify the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) within 90 days if they plan to use the chemical without protective measures under a proposed rule. The proposed rule would remove recordkeeping requirements for importers of the chemical substance, potentially easing compliance burdens; however it would add recordkeeping requirements for manufacturers and processors. The proposed rule would require facilities to establish and maintain a hazard communication program and would amend advanced compliance exemptions. On July 23, 2018, the EPA extended the comment period for the proposed rule, allowing companies to submit comments through August 22, 2018.

EPA releases draft human health risk assessments for certain pesticides including atrazine, propazine and the triazines
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is reviewing the human health and environmental impacts of certain pesticides—atrazine 0062, simazine 0070, propazine 0230and the triazine cumulative— per Section 3(g) of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA).The EPA solicited comments on its review of these pesticides until September 24, 2018 as specified in 83 FR 35472 . EPA is nowreviewing these comments to determine whether or not a revised risk assessment is warranted. a revised risk assessment is warranted, and if it is finalized, EPA may use the assessment for further regulatory action to minimize risk and exposures to workers and the environment.

EPA adds grain sorghum oil pathway to Renewable Fuel Standard Program and adopts new terms
As of October 1, 2018, companies involved with the production, distributionand sale of transportation fuels—including gasoline and diesel fuel, or renewable fuels such as ethanol, biodiesel, heating oil, renewable diesel, naphtha and liquefied petroleum gas—will be able to use sorghum to create fuels eligible for the Renewable Fuels Standard Program (RFS). Under the RFS program, producers and importers of gasoline and diesel fuel are required to replace petroleum-based fuels with a certain volume of renewable fuel or reduce the quantity of petroleum-based transportation fuel, heating oil or jet fuel they produce or import. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has adopted amendments to regulations reflecting its assessment that fuels created from sorghum meet the life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reductions required to be eligible for the RFS program. Additionally, EPA will transition from using the term "non-food grade corn oil" to the equivalent "distillers corn oil," requiring registrants to update their registrations.

Sources of particulate matter emissions in BAAQMD must comply with amended emissions limits and trackout prohibitions
Effective August 1, 2018, sources of particulate matter (PM) emissions within the California Bay Area Air Quality Management District (BAAQMD) must comply with revised emission limits for total suspended particulate (TSP) emissions and trackout prohibitions. BAAQMD adopted amendments and established new rules to address PM emissions from commercial and industrial sources. Sources must be in compliance with several of the requirements, such as the revised emission limits, by July 1, 2019.

Industrial boilers are subject to fewer requirements under the adopted repeal of NOx trading programs
Effective August 26, 2018, companies operating non-electrical generating units (EGUs) participating in a nitrogen oxide (NOx) trading program should note that the Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM) adopted a rule to repeal the state regulation establishing Indiana's participation in federal NOx trading programs and revise state rules applying to non-EGUs. This includes substantial revisions to sections regarding blast furnace gas-fired units and the ozone season NOx budget.

Proposed rule would set emission limitations, control measures and control plan requirements for sources of fugitive dust
Companies that own or operate fugitive dust sources in areas requiring a mitigation plan under 40 CFR 51.930— including disturbed surface areas or inactive disturbed surface areas larger than one acre, or commercial or industrial bulk material processing—would be required to develop and implement a dust control plan. The New Mexico Environment Department, Environmental Improvement Board (EIB) proposed a new rule at 20.2.23 NMAC to address fugitive dust sources. The proposed rule would require owners and operators of certain fugitive dust sources to comply with emissions limitations, implement control measures and develop and maintain a dust control plan to track compliance with the rule.

DEQ requires companies to complete manifests for shipments of reusable tires in addition to used tires
Beginning September 15, 2018, companies that generate or transport reusable tires need to comply with manifest requirements under new Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) amendments to the used tire rules. The amendments require persons shipping more than 10 reusable tires to complete and sign a manifest for the shipment. The prior rule only required manifests for shipments of used tires.

Owners and operators of USTs may have to comply with state rules that align with, or are more stringent than, federal rules under proposal
Companies that own or operate underground storage tanks (USTs) should know that the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA) proposed a rule that would revise its UST regulations; the rule would require they align with amendments made to the federal rules in 2015. The proposed amendments would also adopt state-specific requirements that are more stringent than the federal rules.


Central & Latin America



Maximum level of specific energy consumption or minimum level of energy efficiency for electric lamps established for the first time
As of July 1, 2019, companies that manufacture, market or place on the market certain household electric lamps must ensure they comply with a maximum level of specific energy consumption or minimum level of energy efficiency corresponding to class A as established in IRAM Standard 62404 Part 1 and 2. This follows from Provision 4/2018, which is only applicable to halogen lamps with tungsten filament for general lighting, fluorescent lamps for general lighting with built-in ballast with single bushing and fluorescent lamps for general lighting with built-in ballast with double bushing.


Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS) is adopted
Manufacturers and/or importers of chemicals must classify, label and compile the respective safety data sheets following the requirements established in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS). Manufacturers and/or importers of chemicals have to guarantee access to the scientific and technical support used to make the label to the competent authorities the Ministry of Labor, Ministry of Health and Social Protection and Ministry of Agriculture. The GHS is adopted for the first time in Colombia.

Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS) is adopted
Manufacturers and/or importers of chemicals must classify, label and compile the respective safety data sheets following the requirements established in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS). Manufacturers and/or importers of chemicals have to guarantee access to the scientific and technical support used to make the label to the competent authorities the Ministry of Labor, Ministry of Health and Social Protection and Ministry of Agriculture. The GHS is adopted for the first time in Colombia.

Minimum technical requirements for the design, manufacture and use of boilers proposed
In the future, companies designing, manufacturing, importing, commercializing or using boilers would have to comply with new requirements concerning the design, manufacture, maintenance, inspection, and registry of boilers. Boilers would be classified into 4 categories. Boilers would be periodically inspected and would have to have a conformity certificate. This would follow from a draft Resolution establishing the technical regulation for boilers. This Technical Regulation would be adopted for the first time.





New and updated occupational exposure limit values proposed to be aligned with EU
On July 2, 2018, the Federal Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs, Health and Consumer Protection published a proposal to amend the Ordinance on Limit Values (GVK 2011) and the Ordinance on Health Monitoring (VGÜ 2014). The amendment would, if adopted, transpose EU/2017/164 into Austrian law and therefore, establish 26 occupational exposure limit values (OELVs) on national level in accordance with the EU level.


Acetamiprid approved for use in biocidal products of type 18
As of February 1, 2020, companies placing biocidal products of product-types 18 (insecticides, acaricides and products to control other arthropods) on the EU market can obtain authorization to use Acetamiprid as an active substance in their products. This follows from Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1129.

Final opinion on potential risks of Light Emitting Diodes (LED) published
As of July 12, 2018, manufacturers and importers of Light Emitting Diodes (LED), or products containing them, can review the Scientific Committee on Health, Environmental and Emerging Risks (SCHEER) final opinion on the potential risks of Light Emitting Diodes (LED). The SCHEER concluded that there is no evidence of any risk of damage to the eye and skin from LEDs if the exposure is below the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) exposure limits. The risk of damage to the eye or skin will increase if ICNIRP exposure limits are exceeded. Reversible biological effects in terms of flicker, dazzle, distraction, photochemical retinal damage and glare might occur.


Online portal now available to be used for notification of authorities on 42. BimSchV installations
As of July 20, 2018 operators of already existing evaporative cooling systems, cooling towers and wet scrubbers in accordance with 42. BImSchV are subject to notification (Anzeigepflicht)within one month via an online portal.It Content of the notification is laid down in Annex 4 Part 2 of 42. BImSchV and includes, but is not limited to, information about the operator, type of installation and date of first use.


Amendment to Espoo Convention means more types of industrial activities are subject to scrutiny for adverse transboundary environmental effects
As of September 17, 2018, new types of projects in Greece can fall under increased transnational scrutiny. This follows the expansion of the list of activities which are likely to have a significant adverse transboundary impact and therefore fall within the scope of application of the Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (Espoo Convention). The amendment is addressed to the State Parties but could signify delays for industry in acquiring relevant permits.


List of energy efficient products eligible for capital allowances has been extended
As of September 14, 2018, companies can access an updated and extended list of energy efficient products whose capital cost will be eligible for accelerated capital allowances. These products are part of the Accelerated Capital Allowance (ACA) Scheme set up by the Irish Government as a tax incentive to encourage companies to invest in energy efficient equipment. If the equipment qualifies and certain other conditions are met, companies can deduct the equipment's full cost from their corporation tax.


Guidance on verification of exposure scenarios of substances under REACH regulation made available
As of July 2018, companies manufacturing, importing and distributing chemicals can benefit from a guideline made available by the Lombardy Region on the verification of exposure scenarios of certain substances. The guidance helps operators subject to the obligation provide exposure scenarios in their Safety Data Sheets (SDS). These verify the completeness and consistency of such scenarios with the SDS and explainthe legal framework and include a checklist for their verification. The document also provides clarifications on the applicable legislation and relevant obligations under REACH for all operators, including downstream users.


Fiscal aid measures in the context of the greenhouse gas emission allowance trading scheme post-2012 approved
From August 6, 2018 and until December 31, 2020, companies belonging to specific sectors and sub-sectors deemed to be exposed to a significant risk of carbon leakage, can apply for fiscal aids granted by the Ministry of the Economy (aid for indirect emission costs). This follows from Law of August 1, 2018 establishing fiscal aid measures in the context of the greenhouse gas emission allowance trading scheme post-2012 which sets out procedure, conditions and competencies of such applications.


Companies can consult the report on the analysis of recent incidents involving dangerous substances in large chemical companies
Since July 5, 2018, companies can consult the 2017-2018 report published by the National Institute for Public Health and Environment (Rijksinstituut voor Volkgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM) on the analysis of recent incidents involving dangerous substances in large companies. Large chemical companies must ensure that their installations are in order and that their production processes and activities are carried out safely. These findings can be used for inspection and enforcement strategies;companies can use the insights to improve their safety policies. The 2017-2018 analysis concerns 12 incidents, including a fire and two explosions. The other incidents involved the release of hazardous substances. A total of three people were injured.


Companies subject to new and stricter waste management rules and enforcement
Companies are subject to stricter waste management requirements concerning matters such as waste storage period as well as enforcement measures. The development follows from the adoption of the Act of July 20, 2018 amending the Waste Act and Certain Other Acts and applies to all companies. Companies should note that the implementing regulation is yet to be adopted; however, according to a statement by the Ministry, inspections in the near future will be carried out without prior notice with the use of drones.


Companies' opinions sought in view of the preparation of a draft Royal Decree on the disposal of waste through landfills
From July 12, 2018 to August 31, 2018,companies can participate in a public consultation prior to the drawing up of a proposal amending Royal Decree 1481/2001 which regulates the disposal of waste through landfills. This would follow from the entry into force of EU Directive 2018/850, that Spain must transpose before July 5, 2020. Among other things, the draft text would set a target for municipal waste landfilling (to be achieved before 2035), as well as the appropriate rules to restrict the disposal of waste resulting from separate collection systems No direct requirement has been established on facilities at this preliminary stage.


Additional waste management requirements and simplified administrative procedures proposed
Upon the approval of a Draft Decree, the different categories of operators involved in the generation and management of waste would be subject to further requirements. As an example, waste managers (not only waste transport operators) would berequired to constitute a financial guarantee to ensure compliance with waste management obligations, as well as an environmental insurance to respond for the damage caused to the environment. In addition, the proposal would specifically address dealers and brokers of waste. Finally, the Draft Decree would simplify administrative procedures by allowing the online submission of administrative documents.





Waste activities such as the recycling or recovery of hazardous waste will soon be subject to stricter registration and reporting requirements
Facilities undertaking waste activities such will soon be subject to new registration and reporting requirements under the Proposed Amendments to the National Waste Information Regulations, 2012. If adopted, facilities that carry out certain listed activities as described in Annexure 1 of the National Waste Information Regulations will have to register with the South African Waste Information System (SAWIS) within 90 days of the Amendments taking effect. The Draft Amendments will also add healthcare risk waste, such as infectious waste, to Annexure 4; Annexure 4 provides the list of hazardous waste types that must be reported to SAWIS

Facilities will soon be required to display energy performance certificates for their buildings
In the near future, owners of non-residential buildings will be required to publicly display energy performance certificates at the entrance of buildings. This follows the publication of the Draft Regulations for the mandatory display and submission of energy performance certificates for buildings on July 6, 2018. Once adopted, the Draft Regulations would also require building owners to submit a certified energy performance certificate of the building to the South African National Energy Development Institute (SANEDI). The Draft Regulations will be applicable to different types of non-residential buildings such as offices, buildings with a net floor area of over 2000 m2 and buildings used for entertainment and public assembly.


Facilities must comply with strict safety requirements for the use and maintenance of lifting appliances and gears
Facilities that use lifting appliances and gears such as hoists, lifts and cranes must comply with stringent safety requirements for the installation, use, inspection and examination of lifting appliances. This follows the adoption of the Occupational Safety and Health (Lifting Appliances and Gears) Rules 2015 by the Minister of Labour and Employment. Among other things, facilities must notify the Chief Inspector prior to the installation and use of a lifting appliance. In addition, users of lifting appliances and gears must ensure that the equipment is of good design and construction and is operated by a qualified worker. The Rules also provide requirements for the maintenance and marking of lifting appliances.


Middle East



Companies subject to more stringent OHS requirements including first aid requirements
As of June 22, 2018, companies are subject to more stringent requirements on occupational health and safety (OHS). This follows from the adoption of Instructions No. 3 of 2018 amending Instructions No. 12 of 2016 concerning OHS requirements. The Instructions No. 3 of 2018 amend certain provisions which concerns first aid requirements and introduce new requirements such as instituting preventive measures to protect workers from hazards that might arise from high temperature exposure.





Companies no longer permitted to import or export tributyl tin compounds or short chain chlorinated paraffins and are subject to increased fees
Since July 21, 2018, companies are no longer permitted to import or export tributyl tin compounds and short chain chlorinated paraffins unless they obtain prior informed consent. This is implemented through the Industrial Chemicals (Notification and Assessment) Amendment (Miscellaneous Measures) Regulations 2018; it reflects the additions of the chemicals to Annex III of the Rotterdam Convention and thereby fulfils Australia's international obligations. Since 21 July 2018, companies that are required to register with the National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Scheme (NICNAS) as an importer or manufacturer of industrial chemicals will also be subject to increased registration fees. The Amendment Regulations also introduces small increases to fees and charges under the Industrial Chemicals (Notification and Assessment) Regulations 1990 for various services—such as applications for prior informed consent and notification fees. However, these increases are minor in nature and are not expected to have a significant impact on companies.


New substances applications and explosives importation certificates to cost much more
As of October 1, 2018, companies whose operations involve hazardous substances, explosives or new organisms are subject to increased fees for hazardous substances and new organisms services provided by the Environmental Protection Authority (EPA). Companies will be affected if their operations require them to apply for substance or new organism determinations, approvals to manufacture or import in containment, certificates to import explosives, approvals to transship or amendments to approvals. The revised fees represent, in many cases, more than a 100 percent increase on current amounts.

Comments sought on proposal to remove tracking requirement for premixed 2-stroke fuel
Until August 24, 2018, companies with operations involving hazardous substances could submit feedback on a proposal to exempt 'FuelMix,' or premixed 2-stroke fuel, from the tracking requirement under the Health and Safety at Work (Hazardous Substances) Regulations 2017. Tracking involves the maintenance of records on the identity of competent persons (such as certified handlers), the substance type and amount and its location. If the proposal is adopted, companies handling, storing or disposing of this substance would no longer need to maintain these records.


Stricter air and water pollutant emission limits proposed for the glass industries
In the future, facilities engaged in the domestic glass industry, the glass fiber and its products industry or the mineral wool industry would be subject to more specific and stricter emission standards of air or water pollutants. The Ministry of Ecology and Environment issued three proposed standards which set out air and water pollutants emission limits that are respectively applied to the three industries. According to the proposed standards, facilities in operation or that obtained their environmental impact assessment approval before implementation dates of the proposed standards would enjoy one year grace period during which time the current emission standards continue to apply.

Operations and construction projects will be subject to soil pollution prevention and control requirements as of January 1, 2019
Starting January 1, 2019, operations and construction projects that may cause soil pollution will be subject to a new set of rules concerning soil protection under the Soil Pollution Prevention and Control Law (中华人民共和国土壤污染防治法). The Standing Committee of People's Congress of China adopted the Soil Pollution Prevention and Control Law which sets out a legal framework of soil protection, establishes the major principles for soil protection and prescribes general pollution prevention and control obligations for operations and construction projects. The Law will impact facilities engaging in activities that may pollute soil and those identified by municipal government as Facilities under Key Supervision of Soil Pollution (土壤污染重点监管单位).

Companies producing, handling, or storing hazardous chemicals must carry out the risk assessment and make safety promises to the public
As of September 4, 2018, companies manufacturing, operating, handling or storing hazardous chemicals, such as explosive, toxic or carcinogenic substances, must complete a risk assessment and publish the results of assessment to the public. The results must include an assessment of the operation of the dangerous activities, safety measures and response plans to safety accidents. Companies must also post a "safety promise" on the local production safety website and at the entrance of the facility. Companies must update the safety promise posted on the local production safety website and at its entrance at 10 am daily. Companies must establish the risk assessment and complete the safety promise to the public by November 30, 2018—the date a local production safety department will inspect facilities.

Companies must conduct self-acceptance of environmental protection installations except noise and solid waste prevention installations
According to the Notice on Standardized Environmental Protection Acceptance of Completed Constructions Projects(规范建设项目竣工环境保护验收有关事项的通知)issued by Henan Environment Protection Bureau on July 10, 2018, companies carrying out construction projects in Henan must conduct self-acceptance(自主验收)of their accompanying environmental protection installations, except for noise and solid waste prevention installations. The Notice emphasizes requirements regarding inspection and acceptance procedures on environmental protection installations of construction projects in existing laws and regulations. Companies must submit documents listed in the Notice to relevant environmental protection bureaus for inspection and acceptance of noise and solid waste pollution prevention installations of completed construction projects.

Companies in selected cities must comply with stricter national air emission limits by specific timeframes
As of January 1, 2019, companies generating and emitting air pollutions in major cities of Hubei will be subject to more stringent air emission limits regulated by national standards, including the emission limits for sulfur dioxides, nitrogen, particulate matter and volatile organic compounds. These major cities include Wuhan, Huangshi, Xiangyang, Yichang, Jingzhou, Jingmen and Ezhou. In addition, companies must comply with applicable standards determined by industrial operations, such as steal-iron making, petroleum chemicals, or colored metal and the types of boilers used in facilities. Companies must also note different implementation dates will apply based on the city and operations. For example, the implementation date for companies involved in chemicals industries must comply with the Emission Standard of Pollutants for Synthetic Resin Industry (GB 31572-2015) and Emission Standards of Pollutants for Caustic Alkali and Polyvinyl Chloride Industry (GB 15581-2016) varies; companies located in the Wuhan City must comply by January 1, 2019 and companies located in Jingzhou City must comply by January 1, 2020.


Legal notices delivered in PDF on WhatsApp can be valid
On June 11, 2018, The Bombay High Court passed an interesting order permitting the delivery of legal notices through WhatsApp messenger as long as the notice is PDF format. This is a change from the existing methods of delivery of a notice that include delivery by registered post, affixing on the residence place of work of the person to whom the notice is addressed or by delivery in person.

Industries asked to identify, adopt and conserve water bodies as part of CSR
On June 19, 2018, Uttar Pradesh Pollution Control Board (UPPCB) andthe Gautam Budh Nagar administration hosted a meeting with 64 industries that have facilities in Uttar Pradesh. The UPPCB asked the representatives of the industries to identify, adopt and conserve local water bodies as a part of their corporate social responsibility efforts. This points towards a trend for increased emphasis on corporate social responsibility (CSR) at the state level.


Companies subject to expanded restrictions on import and transshipment of products such as software and chemicals
Beginning on November 1, 2018, companies that engage in export or transshipment of strategic goods are required to obtain a strategic goods permit for additional products. Strategic goods are products that contain sensitive technology and materials whose movement across borders is strictly controlled.


Expanded list of low energy efficient WEEE is now prohibited from being marketed, and subject to an extended producer responsibility
As of July 10, 2018, companies manufacturing, importing or selling certain energy-consuming electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) listed under the Prime Minister’s Decision No. 78/2013/QD-TTg (e.g. copiers, printers, distribution transformers and boilers used in industrial factories) must ensure that equipment satisfies the minimum energy efficiency rates specified under national standards. Otherwise, they will be banned from being manufactured, imported or sold in Vietnam. Decision No. 78/2013/QD-TT affirms that manufacturers and importers (for the purpose of selling) must take back and dispose of waste generated by the EEE listed in this Decision in compliance with the regulation on collection and disposal of discarded products (namely Decision No. 16/2015/QD-TTg of 22 May 2015). Electricity generators using coal or gas at thermal power stations onsite with energy efficiency lower than the permitted rates specified in Appendix III of this Decision will no longer be certified for new operations.